Dr. Melina C. Kalfelis
Melina C. Kalfelis is working as a fellow at the “Africa Multiple” Cluster, where she is currently developing her postdoc project on morality, governance and justice in West African security fields. More generally Melina’s research interests include politics and work, transnationalism, civil society, law, ethics, as well as philosophical anthropology and multi-sited ethnography. She worked as a research fellow in the Collaborative Research Centre “Discourses of Weakness and Resource Regimes” at the Goethe-University Frankfurt, where she finished her dissertation on lifeworlds of NGO-actors in Burkina Faso, transnational cooperation and poverty concepts in the language of Mooré. In the meantime she co-developed several events, the last one being a dissemination workshop in Ouagadougou in November 2018 with the title "L’Avenir des ONG en Afrique de l’Ouest". Recently, she led several workshops on ethnographic fieldwork, security and vigilantism in the Sahel in Hamburg and Würzburg. From February to August 2019 Melina worked as a visiting scholar at the German Institute for Global and Area Studies, where she co-developed a GIGA Talk on the Sahel crises and contributed to the topic as a panelist. She presently publishes her dissertation with Campus, co-edits the book “NGOs&Lifeworlds” with Berghahn and writes an article for a special issue in the Journal of Intervention and State Building. Besides, Melina works as a photographer and filmmaker. In February 2019 her second documentary film “NGO Crossroads” (40 min., with Andrej Wagner) had its premiere at the FESPACO Festival in Ouagadougou, which deals with two NGO-partnerships in Burkina Faso.
What is (Un)Ethical in the Name of Security? Transnational Disjuncture and Moral Controversies in the Provision of Justice and Security in West Africa
The project is affiliated to the research section “moralities” and examines events of “disagreement” in regards to claims of moral authority, justice and security in West Africa in a transnational perspective. The main goal of the project is to research spaces in which ethical doings and their different moral evaluations overlap and densify as well as to find methodological and epistemological innovations at the margins of legality and legitimacy beyond a Eurocentric perspective. Apart from investigating negotiations in panels and forums on security in the Sahel in Europe and Africa, the project takes into account the state and the grassroots level in Burkina Faso, where vigilantes establish extra-legal forms of governance. First insights from the field point to the conclusion that the multiple events in these spaces relate to each other via moral and social controversies on what is (un)ethical and just in the name of security. In this view, questions of lawfulness and security provision overlap significantly in the respective multi-sited field and raise questions on the future of the postcolonial state. Cutting across the research sections “Moralities”, “Knowledges” and “Affiliations”, the project not only aims to analyse how knowledges and practices are truncated, ignored or tabooed as morally incompatible – for example in regards to human rights. An overarching ambition of the project is to take citizens’ decade-long experiences of arbitrariness and paralysis of state institutions as a starting point and provide new understandings of what the multiple legal provisions in West Africa mean from this anglepoint.
Kalfelis, Melina C. (2020): “With or Without the State – Vigilantism and Security-related Practice in a Civil-Military Program in Burkina Faso”. Journal of Intervention and State Building. (under review)
Kalfelis, Melina C. (2020): Opportunités et risques de la coopération internationale en Afrique de l’Ouest“, in : Hahn et al. (Hg.) : L’Avenir des ONG en Afrique de l’Ouest. Critiques, Initiatives et Innovations. L’Harmattan. (accepted)
Kalfelis, Melina C. (2020): "Beyond Donor Memory. Temporal Allocation and Routine in the Day-to-Day-Work of Development Actors in Burkina Faso", in: Afrique Contemporaine (under review).
Kalfelis, Melina C. and Kathrin Knodel (ed.) (2020): NGOs and Lifeworlds. Historical and Contemporary Perspectives. Berghahn (accepted)
Kalfelis, Melina C. (2020): NGOs as Lifeworlds. Transnational Entanglements of Civil Society Actors [NGOs als Lebenswelt. Transnationale Verflechtungen von Entwicklungsakteuren]. Campus. (Soon in print)
Dr. Melina C. Kalfelis
University of Bayreuth
Nürnberger Straße 38
ZAPF building House 2
Phone: +49 921 55 4783